M&A Revving up for Automotive and Global Chemicals, Cool for Industrial and Global Metals

PricewaterhouseCoopers updates outlook for mergers and acquisitions, offers advice for M&A due diligence in the 'New Normal'


Transactions involving both U.S. targets and buyers were the key drivers of deal activity during the first quarter of 2010, reversing a long-standing trend. Of the 11 transactions announced during Q1, seven (64 percent) involved a U.S. entity. This compares with an average of 39 percent over the last four years (2006-2009). Similarly, 79 percent of total deal value during the first quarter was attributable to U.S.-affiliated activity, compared with an average of 50 percent over the last four years.

The regional breakdown of M&A deals shows that targets located in North America were the primary drivers of deal activity, as 55 percent of transactions announced were in the region. Additionally, all six transactions announced in the North American region were in the U.S.

In relative terms, Asia and Oceania remained a strong region for deal activity. However, on an absolute basis, only two transactions were announced in the region compared with 35 in 2009. Similarly, the U.K. and Eurozone region contributed meaningfully on a relative basis, but, in absolute terms, only two transactions originated in the region.

Due Diligence in a Recovering Economy

The report takes a closer look at the role of M&A due diligence in a recovering economy and the impact it will have in the industrial manufacturing sector. As the global economy begins to recover, deal making might offer the leverage that IM companies need to push ahead of the competition. It will be the companies with strong balance sheets and robust cash reserves that are in the best position for strategic M&A opportunities.

According to the report, to make the right deal, IM companies must consider how two years of economic contraction have altered the balance of supply and demand within the value chain as well as how it has significantly changed and elevated the importance of due diligence. Healthcare, climate change, commodity prices, pension plan structures, changing tax laws, company culture and the role of human resources must be factored into today's due diligence process.

M&A activity inevitably generates a certain amount of immediacy, so it pays to be prepared, the report states. Companies that might be rusty in the area of due diligence because few (if any) deals were completed during the past two years may need to dust off their existing processes and make sure the right resources are in place so they are ready when opportunity knocks.

The report is available at http://www.pwc.com/us/en/industrial-products/publications/assembling-value.jhtml.

Global Chemicals Heating Up

Deal activity in the global chemicals industry was much stronger in the first quarter of 2010 than the first quarter of 2009, increasing by 33 deals or 15 percent, according to the PwC report "Chemical Compounds: First Quarter 2010 Global Chemicals Industry Mergers and Acquisitions Analysis."

When looking at deals with a disclosed value greater than or equal to $50 million, activity is up by 11 deals or 110 percent over the same time period. With the financial markets and global economy beginning to recover, these results are consistent with expectations.

Large deal activity is off to a strong start in Q1 2010, as five deals with a value greater than $1 billion were announced, substantially driving total deal value. These five deals accounted for $17.9 billion in deal value, representing 80 percent of total activity in the first quarter of 2010 already surpassing total large deal activity for all of 2009.

Excluding large deals, the average deal size in Q1 2010 remained relatively consistent with all of 2009 at $43 million (107 deals) in Q1 2010 compared with $42 million (401 deals) for all of 2009.

"Based on our current view of the market and the transactions in progress, we are optimistic that the level of M&A activity will remain strong in 2010," said Saverio Fato, global chemicals leader for PricewaterhouseCoopers. "Proactive companies in the chemicals sector that are willing to invest up-front time preparing for deals so that they can move quickly as opportunities become available will be able to effectively utilize M&A as a growth tool to reposition themselves."

The trend of fewer deal announcements by financial investors has continued into the first quarter of 2010, with only 11 percent of deals including a financial investor compared with 20 percent in 2007. As the economy and the debt markets continue to recover, it is possible that we will see a higher level of financial investor deal activity in the chemical sector, according to PwC.

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In fact, we have already seen some financial investors come off of the sidelines and actively participate in the bidding process for several of the recent deals. One of the large deals in the first quarter of 2010 was made by a financial investor, in contrast to 2009 when no acquisitions were made by financial investors.

The five large deals were the primary drivers of the trend in terms of deal value in the first quarter of 2010. While there was strong activity in Asia and South America, deal value was relatively low due to a lack of large deals. In addition to a disproportionately high value in North American deals, driven by several of the large ones, the majority of deal activity was intra-country, with only 22 of the 112 announced deals with a disclosed value being cross-border deals ($5.8 billion of the total $22.5 billion deal value).

The report is available at http://www.pwc.com/us/en/industrial-products/publications/chemical-compounds.jhtml.

Global Metals Improves Moderately

Finally, activity in the global metals industry indicates that the volume and value of deals announced in the first quarter of 2010 improved moderately from the quarterly lows of 2009, according to report "Forging Ahead: First Quarter 2010 Global Metals Industry Mergers and Acquisitions Analysis."

In the first quarter of 2010, the 21 deals announced rank above the three-year quarterly low of 17 deals announced in both the first and second quarters of 2009, although it is down from the 34 deals announced in the fourth quarter of 2009.

Additionally, the $5.9 billion deal value announced in Q1 2010 remains above the three-year quarterly low of $4.6 billion in the third quarter of 2009. While deal totals have not yet fully recovered from the downturn, the environment is becoming more conducive to deal activity in the metals sector.

After a relative pause in mega deal activity in the metals sector during 2009, these deals began to reemerge in Q1 2010. Two mega deals were announced during the first quarter of 2010, exceeding the pace of 2009.

"This continuation of mega-deal activity provides evidence that some acquirers are ready to engage in deal making at the higher end of the value spectrum. Supporting this are higher commodity prices, improved access to capital and greater confidence in the strength in the recovery," said Robert W. McCutcheon, U.S. metals leader with PwC. "We believe that these factors have also contributed to the increased interest in controlling stakes, a trend that matches our prediction in the fourth quarter 2009. Looking forward into 2010, the sector's M&A flow will likely continue to grow."

Entities from emerging and developing economies appear to have increasingly become more aggressive as acquirers of metals targets. The large increase in the proportion of deals involving these acquirers has been driven by greater involvement from Chinese acquirers. In 2009, 38 percent of acquirers were Chinese entities. In the first quarter of 2010, this proportion grew to a majority (57 percent) of acquirers.

"Globally, the relative sense of urgency to engage in new deals is likely greatest for steel companies, which face a consolidated base of iron ore suppliers. This could lead to additional horizontal mergers among steel constituents or backward integration," said Jim Forbes, PricewaterhouseCoopers' global metals leader. "Although many strategic buyers have been slow to resume their M&A activities, we believe it is only a matter of time before these acquirers look more seriously at potential growth opportunities. A more stable global economy, generally supportive capital markets, and improved financial positions should encourage these entities to enter the deal market."

The regional distribution of deals by acquirer region is highlighted by the influence of Chinese deals, which drove Asia and Oceania acquirer totals in the quarter. In the first quarter of 2010, four of the five largest deals and 12 of the 21 total deals involved Chinese acquirers. This regional distribution of deal activity is unlikely to change significantly through the balance of 2010, as emerging-market entities in Asia & Oceania continue to fuel much of cross-border activity among metals companies.

The report is available at http://www.pwc.com/us/en/industrial-products/publications/forging-ahead.jhtml.

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